Environment and Health

Fisheries and Aquaculture: Impact on environment and health


The world’s fishing fleet is so large that it can be seen from space. And this is what researchers at the University of California in Santa Barbara decided to exploit in order to assess the environmental impact of fisheries. (Source Magazine Québec science)

According to their findings published in the Revue Science, fisheries now cover 55% of the world’s ocean surface, four times the area covered by agriculture. In 2016 alone, 70,000 commercial fishing vessels travelled 460 million kilometres, the equivalent of 600 return trips to the Moon. (Source Magazine Québec Science)

However, it was clear to researchers that commercial fishing efforts are greatly influenced by political and cultural realities, such as seasonal bans and festivities by different peoples. (Source: Quebec Science Magazine)

Active measures to ensure sustainable use of ocean resources are being put in place as global demand for seafood is increasing and fish stocks are falling. For example, the mesh size of the nets must not be too small so that the youngest fish are not caught and thus allow the species to renew; some nets are equipped with devices that allow turtles to escape from them (TED device); the fishing of many species is subject to strict quotas decided by government bodies based on the recommendations of observers, scientists and economists.

Based on information on marine ecosystem dynamics, more and more countries and regional fisheries management organizations (RFMOs) adopt an ecosystem approach to fish stock management to avoid overfishing and allow for the recovery of natural resources.


Aquaculture is the world’s fastest growing food production industry. (Source WWF)

Demand for fish continues to rise, even as wild catches stagnate (95 million tonnes per year). Aquaculture, which already supplies nearly 50% of the fish consumed (50 million tonnes) is therefore a solution to avoid the depletion of marine stocks.

Aquaculture involves many types of seafood, fish, shellfish, crustaceans and also seaweed. Aquaculture sites can be found in marine or inland waters.

Aquaculture, of course, in order not to harm the environment, must be carried out in ways that limit its impact on nature and wild stocks.

Many organizations help governments and industries regulate aquaculture activities in order to produce fish and seafood from sustainable, healthy aquaculture for consumers, with reduced use of antibiotics and pesticides, and environmentally friendly by reducing production waste and limiting the number of fish escaping from farms.

The regulatory bodies

What is MSC?

The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) is an independent, non-profit organization that works to counter overfishing. The MSC has developed a series of sustainable and responsible fisheries environmental standards, and accredited seafood products are labelled with the MSC Blue Eco-label. This eco-label identifies wild caught seafood products from sustainable sources. More information on the MSC website, www.msc.org

What is ASC?

The Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) is also an independent, non-profit organization that manages a set of standards governing responsible aquaculture. Products from accredited livestock farms are labeled ASC. This eco-label identifies sustainable seafood products from fish or seafood farms that meet established standards. More information on the ASC website, www.asc-aqua.org.

What is Ocean Wise?

Ocean Wise is an oceans protection program created to inform consumers and businesses about fisheries and aquaculture issues to help them make environmentally responsible fish choices, and of seafood. Ocean Wise works directly with its partners to ensure they have the latest scientific information on their seafood products, so that we can make decisions that respect the health of the oceans.

The presence of the Ocean Wise logo on a menu or package allows consumers to easily identify environmentally responsible choices that preserve the health of our oceans for future generations.

And among others (Friend of the seaNaturland….)

The commitment of Lagoon Seafood

A team dedicated to quality

Lagoon Seafood has implemented, with the approval of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), a Quality Management Program (QMP) for its plants in Lachine and Granby, Quebec, Canada.

These programs are voluntary and allow us to monitor the quality of all our products distributed by Lagoon Seafood in a very effective manner.

Lagoon Seafood is one of the only companies in Canada that has integrated fresh seafood imports into its QMP program.

Our Quality Management Department, composed of a Quality Assurance Director and two Quality Controllers, ensures continuous control of incoming and outgoing product flows in our warehouses, as well as production in our plants.

Lagoon Seafood products and processes are also subject to external audits by independent bodies. Lagoon seafood is approved by internationally recognized certification bodies: MSC – BRC – Ocean Wise – ASC

Controlled procurement

Lagoon Seafood’s buying team specializes in sourcing a wide range of exotic products from all regions of the world, from South America to Europe, Asia, West Africa and the Mediterranean sea. The purchases are therefore made directly to fishing and aquaculture companies, without intermediaries, which allows Lagoon Seafood to better control the origin and quality of its products.

An ecological and eco-responsible transition

Lagoon Seafood is committed to reducing its environmental footprint. More and more products will now be offered in recyclable number 2 external plastic packaging and no longer in non-recyclable number 7 plastic films.

Lagoon Seafood’s goal is to transition to more environmentally friendly recyclable packaging that consumers can recycle wherever possible.

Towards a green company

Lagoon Seafood has recently opened an internal program to make its plants and offices more environmentally friendly.

Lagoon Seafood adheres to the Quebec program: here we recycle, and gradually put in place measures to reduce its waste production and recycle its waste that can be recycled.

Lagoon Seafood trains and sensitizes all its employees to nature protection issues, particularly in the workplace.

Ethics and food safety

Lagoon Seafood recently made a commitment to Vigilance OGM, a non-profit organization that fights against the production of genetically modified organisms, including the production of GMO salmon.

Lagoon Seafood is not opposed to the recently authorized production of this GMO salmon by the Canadian government, but has chosen the precautionary principle by not agreeing to market this product.

Our eco-responsible products

Certifications & commitments